This definitely wasn't my favorite part of building the van. It took me a lot of time to install everything the right way.
I know there are a lot of ways to install electricity. I did it the way I wrote down below. With some help from people who have knowledge about electricity I decided to do it this way.
Things to think of:
1. We will mostly be camping off grid. So no electricity pole to run our lights and appliances. Which means we will need a solar pannel on the roof. and a converter from 12v to 220.
2. We want a roof fan.
3. We already have a dometic coolbox which will need electricity
4. A water pump which will run on electricity
5. The rest will be just lighting and outlets. 3 outlets that we can use when off grid and 2 when on an electricity pole to be able to use stronger appliances like water cookers etc.
What we thought about at the drawing table before we actually pooled all the wires.
- We made sure the wires would always run above the water hoses. So no water can ever come in contact with the wires. Incase of a leak somewhere (all wires are placed into a plastic hoses)
- The electricity from the solar pannel goes to the battery, from the battery it either goes to the electrical appliances that use 12v ex. coolbox, lights, waterpump, or it goes to the
converter to convert to 220v for the outlets.
- Different groups depending on how much light and appliances we needed they are all saved with a safety fuse.
In the van:
- we used flexible wires so they wouldn't break while driving
- The starting battery from the car is connected to our van battery of 165 Mah which is a big one but we will need this when not on a camping. Power is generated while we drive with the car or
by the solar pannel. Our solar pannel is 170 watts which produces enough electricity when not driving. So enough possibilities to charge the battery and have enough electricity to turn on the led
lights, start the boiler, waterpump and charge the computer etc.
We used little spot lights underneath the cabinets. Not only are they easy to install but they also look really neat. They are nice and small and you get to adjust the
brightness etc with them.
The leds are 3000k this gives a nice daylight feeling.
Installing the battery to the starter battery and installing the solar panel was beyond my knowledge so Camperservice did that for me. So I knew this part would be done right.